Lead Survey

'Constat de Risque de l’Exposition au Plomb - CREP'



The Lead Survey is carried out to ascertain the levels of lead contained in the paintwork (including varnish finishes and plastered surfaces) and to establish the condition of the paintwork. The objective of the survey is to inform any future occupant/s, or artisans brought in to work on the property, of the risks to being exposed to lead in the paintwork – lead poisoning is caused by ingesting or inhaling lead.

The survey is carried out using an analyser equipped with a radioactive source: any reading of over 1mg/cm² is considered positive. The survey is only concerned with the habitual living areas on the property. The ‘diagnostiqueur’ will rate the condition of the paintwork for each positive measure. A positive reading in paintwork in good condition is not deemed to be dangerous, whereas a positive reading in poor condition (cracked, blistered or chipped) is deemed dangerous.

The use of lead in all paint used in buildings was outlawed in France in December 1948 and thus the Lead Survey is obligatory only for houses or apartments constructed before 1st January 1948.

If no positive measures are found in the survey, the Lead Survey report is valid for ‘life’. If positive measures are found, the Lead Survey report is valid for 1 year in the case of a sale and 6 years in the case of a lease.

The current legislation was brought into force on the 25th April 2006; any report dated prior to this date is no longer valid and the Lead Survey will need to be renewed.